240 km from Delhi, Jim Corbett National Park It is a major scenic spot located in the northeast. This national park is built in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand state, enclosing a large area near the city of Ramnagar. It is spread over an area of about 1316 square kilometers on the banks of the Ramganga river between Garhwal and Kumaon. The main office of this park is in Ramnagar and from here, tourists enter the park after taking a permit. When tourists enter the park from the eastern gate, they are charmed by a small river-stream, shawl-shaded trees, and a strange scent of flowering plants. The tourist feels hypnotized in this natural beauty.
The history of this park is quite rich. This park was once the private property of the rulers of Tehri Garhwal. During the ‘Gorkha movement’ around 1820 AD, this part of the state was handed over to the British rulers for its support. The British exploited the park heavily for wood and cut teak trees heavily for the seats of trains. For the first time Major Ramsey prepared a comprehensive plan for its preservation. In 1879 the Forest Department took it under its control and declared a protected area. In 1934, Malcolm Haley, the governor of the United Provinces, declared this protected forest an organic park. The park was named ‘Hailey National Park’ in 1936 after Governor Malcolm Hailey. It became the first national park in India and the third-largest park in the world.
An excursion to the Jim Corbett National Park can only be done by riding on elephants, as the noise of motor-trains disturb wildlife. Elephants get tourists from the lodge only. Sitting on an elephant, tourists pass through the tall footpaths of the forest, high grass and shawl trees. Here, not only lions and tigers, herds of elephants, groups of deer fringing catches, small river rivulets, the song of waterfalls, the noise of the strong current of the Ramganga river, the thick shade of shawl trees and the silence of the dense forest all in themselves Is unique. Amidst the dense forest on both sides of the Ramganga river, this park offers a unique touch of nature.
Garjiya Devi Temple or ‘Girija Devi Temple’ is located in Sunderkhal village of Uttarakhand, which is one of the main temples of Mata Parvati. This temple is a wonderful example of faith and trust. This famous temple of Uttarakhand is located about 15 kilometers from Ramnagar. The temple is built on top of a small hill, where the beautiful environment gives a feeling of peace and elegance. The place of Girija Devi (Garjiya Devi) is unique among the famous temples of the Goddess. She is called by this name only because Giriraj is the daughter of the Himalayas. It is believed that the temples where the Goddess is situated as Vaishnavi are worshiped with floral offerings and where Shiva is in the form of Shakti, there is a provision of sacrifice. (History Archaeologists state that the oldest settlement of Kurmanchal was near Dhikuli, where the present Ramnagar is located. The name of this city, situated on the banks of river Kosi, was then ‘Vairat port’ or ‘Vairat nagar’. Prior to the arrival of the Katyuri kings, the first kings of the Kuru dynasty ruled here, who lived under the umbrella of the ancient Indraprastha (modern Delhi) kingdom. Dhikuli, Garjia region has its own history of about 3000 years. The famous Katyuri dynasty, Chandra dynasty, Gorkha dynasty and British rulers have enjoyed the pleasure of the holy land here. The Shakti Sthal, named Garjiya, was in a neglected state before 1940, but even before 1940, many dentures tell the history of this place. Prior to the year 1940, the condition of this temple was not like today, in due course this goddess was known as Upta Devi (Upadhyayun). The public opinion of the time was that the mound in which the present Garjia temple is situated was flowing from the upper area somewhere in the flood of Kosi river. Seeing the temple flowing along the mound, Bhairav Dev was told to try to stop it – “Thi Rau, banana the rau” meaning ‘stay, stay the sister’, stay here with me. Since then the goddess has been residing in Upta in Garjia.)
This park is the first national park in the country to come under India’s most important ‘Project Tiger’. In order to curb the dwindling tiger population, it was brought under the ‘Project Tiger’ in 1973.This park includes lions, tigers, elephants, deer, sambar, chital, wild boar, bear, monkey, jackal, Nilgai etc. animals and many types of birds can be seen. Prabhatbella and seeing the flocks of many animals at dusk, have their own fun. At the same time, the tweet of birds seems very sweet.
Other famous attraction in Corbett
Near the Corbett waterfalls, there are numerous places to visit such as the Garjiya Temple, the Sitabani Temple and the Dhangarhi Museum.
The rugged forest is said to have been discovered by the British in 1820. At that time there was a kingdom of ferocious wild animals here. The British government initially planted shawl trees here and named the park ‘The Hailey National Park’. After independence, this park was named ‘Ramganga National Park’. In 1957, it was named ‘Jim Corbett National Park’. Jim Corbett was a clever English hunter. He was born in a place called Kaladhungi in Nainital. He had freed the people of the area by hunting the man-eating tigers here. Locals called him “Gora Sadhu”. His residence at Kaladhungi has now been given the shape of a magnificent museum. It contains pictures of Jim Corbett, his books, his photographs with lions, weapons of the time, a variety of guns and a wide variety of readable material related to wildlife. It is very nice to sit in the courtyard of this museum, built in a quiet environment and under the shade of dense trees.
In this park, there is a provision of stay and excursion in the garden by the tourism department. There are lodges, canteens and libraries inside the garden. The accommodation of garden workers are also here. Many books related to wildlife are kept in the library. Animal and bird lovers spend hours studying here. In front of the lodges, wooden scaffolds are made, which are climbed by wooden stairs and chairs are provided for seating. In the evening, the tourists can sit here and watch the wildlife visiting from far and wide in the park and wandering freely in the park. Tourists can come here and enjoy the beauty of natural beauty. The forest guards here are advised not to stay out till late in the night nor to leave the rooms at night. Similar instructions are also written here. This is because sometimes wild elephant herds or some ferocious wild animals come here at night time.
Jim Corbett National Park is spread at an altitude of 400 to 1100 meters above sea level. Its highest area is Kanda. The best season to visit this park is from 15 November to 15 June. During this time it is open for tourists. There are two railway stations to reach here – Ramnagar and Haldwani. 47 km for ‘Dhikala’ from Ramnagar. Is a paved road. The park is just 240 km from Delhi. It is 290 km by road. It can be reached in 5-6 hours by buses, taxis, and cars.
Tourists can take transports or taxis from Kaladhungi (4 kilometers) and Ramnagar (27 kilometers). To reach the main waterfall, walk for approximately 1.5 kilometers from the parking region.
Lies in between the thick teak forest, the Corbett waterfalls that fall from a height of 60 feet offer an invigorating break from the exhausting safari session. The area around the waterfall is only ideal to appreciate an excursion. While visiting the waterfall, try to transport proper drinks and nutritious foods since there are no places to eat nearby. You can also see the bird watching here.
Best time to visit
The occasion in Corbett National Park should abstained during the monsoon season since the area is inclined to avalanches and soil disintegration. Be that as it may, travelers can visit Corbett Falls constantly.