Kinnaur, a land of mythical Kinnaur, is a district located in the northeast of Himachal Pradesh. The main district of Kinnaur district is recurring. Surrounded by high mountains and green trees, this area is divided into upper, middle and lower parts of Kinnaur. Due to the tough way to reach here, this area has been untouched by tourists for a long time, but now a lot of adventurous and thrilling adventures are done by the vistors. The border of this district, which is rich in natural landscape, has been fulfilled from Tibet, which makes it even more important than a strategic point of view. This town is located on NH 22, about 250 km from the city of Himachal Pradesh, Shimla. The music of Sutlej and Spiti rivers flowing between the mountains and forests, with the sound of the clutter, makes it beautiful in its beauty. The river Spiti crosses the river Sutlej in Khab. The fascinating views of the great Himalayan mountain ranges can be seen here.
Kinnaur State was a part of Rampur Bushahr State. Here, polytheism can be found. Here were the famous kings: Pratampal, Chatrasim and Kehari Singh, also known as ‘Ajan Bahu’. On November 13, 1914, the last ruler of the Bushahr regime was sitting on the throne of King Padma Singh and ruled until 1947. In 1948, the state of Bushahr, the Chief Commissioner of the Union Territory, became part from Himachal Pradesh. In the 1960s, the current Kinnaur district, the mini tehsil of the Mahasu district, on April 21, 1960, Kinnaur was the sixth district of Himachal Pradesh.
Places to Visit
Located at an altitude of 2,670 meters above sea level, Reckong Peo is the district headquarters of Kinnaur. Recently a monastery has been built here. In 1992, the Buddhist religious leader Dalai Lama organized a festival named Kalachakra. The ancient township of Kalpa is near near Reckong Peo, where beauty can not be expressed in words. Hoo-bu-lane-math is located at this place. It is said that this monastery was established between 950-1055 by Rinchengasan Peo. The amazing views of Kinnaur Kailash can be seen here.
Kalpa situated on the old Indo-Tibet road was the initial district headquarters of Kinnaur. Located at an altitude of 2,759 meters above sea level, this village is 260 km from Shimla. All the heritage of Heritage Village can be seen here. In the middle of the morning, the golden aura of sun rising in the middle of the snowy hills looks very beautiful here. Narayan Nagini temple here is an example of local art. There are many ancient Buddhist monasteries in Kalpa. This village is located very close to Kinnaur Kailash 6,050 meters high. Kinnaur Kailash is considered as the winter house of Lord Shiva.
This popular village of Kinnaur “Sangla” is situated on the right bank of the Baspa river. Located at a height of 2,621 meters above sea level, this village is popular for its highly fertile land. This village is situated on the slopes behind which huge peaks of Raldanga mountain can be seen. The beauty of the mountain peaks, and the evergreen hills, with snow, makes it different from other places. Due to the flow of the Baspa river, this place is also called the Baspa Valley. This valley is one of the most beautiful valleys in Kinnaur district.
Chitkul Located at an elevation of 3,450 meters above sea level, it is the last and the highest village in the Baspa Valley. Located on the right bank of the river Baspa, there are three temples of local goddess Mathi in this village. It is said that the most important temple of Mathi was built 500 years ago by a Resident of Garhwal.
Nako is situated at a distance of 117 km from Kalpa. Located in the Hangrang Valley, this village is situated at an altitude of 3,600 meters above sea level. This village is also popular due to the NAKO lake, which offers sailing facilities during the summer. In winter, the water of this lake gets accumulated and skate in it. Buddhist monasteries can also be seen here.
This is the last village of Kinnaur district which is situated on the highest elevation. This village is famous for the apple, Walnut, Apricot, Almond etc. From here, you can also go to Spiti, on foot, which is 3 days by foot.
At one point of time, Kaza was the capital of Specia’s capital. Located on the left bank of the river Spiti, this town is at an altitude of 3,600 meters above sea level. Currently Kaza Spiti is the headquarters of the sub division
The nearest airport in Kinnaur is in Shimla. Direct flights to Delhi from Shimla are available.
The railway station of Shimla is the nearest railway station of Kinnaur, which is connected to Karka from the Nero Gauge line. The distance from Shimla to Kalka is 9 6 km.
National Highway 22 is used to reach Kinnaur via road. Taxis can also be made from Delhi, Chandigarh, Shimla, Manali and Kullu for Kinnaur.
Kinnaur is famous for handloom items and handicrafts. From here you can buy shawls, hats, mufflers, wooden sculptures and many things made of metals. In addition, it is also known for the production of Kinnaur fruits and dried foods. Apples, almonds, chilgoza, ogals, grapes and nuts, etc. You can also buy them from here. There are many stores in Kalpa, Reckong Peo, Karcham Tapri, etc. Where they can be bought.
Although, you can visit Kinnaur throughout the year, but the best time to visit Kinnaur is April to October.