Shimla, also known as Simla is the capital of Himachal Pradesh and also the administrative headquarters of the Shimla district. It has the importance as a summer capital for a country which has been declared after the independence of India. Shimla has been a favorite tourist destination in India and worldwide for its unique beauty. Shimla also serves as a convenient base for exciting adventure sports such as skiing, trekking, fishing and golf. Although the British Empire is over, its imprint still appears in Shimla. The city, which was the summer capital of the British in India, has already been a center of attraction. Now Shimla as the capital of the state of Himachal Pradesh has all the facilities. Shimla is named after the goddess Shyamala, who is an incarnation of Kali.
Shimla which lies at height of 6890 feet above sea level, is the most beautiful hill station in the country, that extends over 12 kilometers in length. Shimla is located on top of a miniature hill of the Himalayas at an altitude of about 2,200 meters, 114 km north of Chandigarh. Shimla has a height of approximately 7267 feet and is shaped like a semicircle where cold winds are a flowing for the whole year.
After the Gorkha War of 1814-16, Shimla was established to rest in a safe place for the troops. Shimla is characterized by its cool climate, picturesque natural landscapes, snow-capped mountain landscapes, pine and deodar forests and an attractive urban landscape of colonial architecture. It used to be the summer capital of India for these reasons.
In 1864, Shimla became the capital of the British. Shimla is also famous as a tourist destination. Shimla was discovered by the British in 1819. Charles Kennedy built the first summer house here. Soon Shimla was noticed by Lord William Bentinck, who was the Governor General of India from 1828 to 1835.
The residence of the British viceroy (residence of the president) was built here at the end of the 19th century. It currently has an Institute for Advanced Studies.
Several festivals are held in Shimla. The Shimla Summer Festival is held on the crest every year during the peak tourist season. Its main attraction includes performances by popular singers from all over the country.
Shimla is the most famous mountain complex in India due to the ease of access and many attractive places in Shimla. Located in the lower ranges of the Himalayan ranges, the city of Shimla is surrounded by cedar, pine forests. To the north there are snow-covered mountain ranges. Here you can see a beautiful view of the valley and the peaks of the Great Himalayan mountains are visible everywhere. Spread over a distance of 12 km, the city of Shimla, surrounded by forests and fields, cedar, pine forests, is very attractive. It’s good to come here on a slow train from Kalka. The waterfalls and plains that flow in the valleys of Shimla adorn Shimla. Colonial influences can be seen in the unique cabins and the magnificent roads within the city. Shimla has several shopping, sports and entertainment options. Cold winds blow here. The pleasant climate of Shimla, its easy access and numerous attractions make it one of the most popular mountain resorts in northern India.
HOW TO GET TO SHIMLA
You can comfortably reach Shimla by air. Shimla has its own airport at a place called Jubbarhatti, which is located at a distance of 23 kilometers from the city of Shimla. Flights from New Delhi, Chandigarh and Kullu take place here once a day. Jagsons Airways offers fantastic facilities.
Shimla is associated by a narrow measurement line with Kalka (96 km) which, therefore, is associated with the important cities of India. The Kalka to Shimla toy train adventure is captivating with 107 large curved passages and scaffolding. The duration of the trip is approximately six hours. The recurrence of trains traveling from Kalka to Shimla is quite large, with at least 4 trains using the round trip from Shimla.
Shimla is associated with the royal cities in northern India by some transportation administrations, including the transportation of the Himachal Road Transportation Corporation, as private administrators. From Delhi, you can take a medium-term refrigerated extravagance transport from the Kashmir ISKT Gate. Transportation leaves at the beginning of the day or later at night. Neighborhood transportation administrations visit the city of Shimla from 7 a.m. at 9 p.m. and the transports are accessible to all the places of the city.
Best Time to Visit Shimla
As per the Snowfall in Shimla takes place late during winter season and if the visitors want to enjoy the snowing activities like skiing, then they must travel to Shimla during winter season by the month of November to February, And you must take some warm clothes while travelling to Shimla as the temperature remains colder there.